Marengo County was created by the Alabama Territorial legislature on 1818 Feb. 6, from land acquired from the Choctaw Indians by the treaty of 1816 Oct. 24. The name of the county was suggested by Judge Abner Lipscombe, and was given as a compliment to the first white settlers, expatriated French citizens and commemorative of Napoleon's great victory at Marengo over the Austrian armies on 1800 June 14. Marengo County is situated in the west-central part of the state. It is bordered by Hale, Greene, Perry, Dallas, Wilcox, Clarke, Choctaw and Sumter counties. It encompasses 982 square miles.

 

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